With the global economic recovery in 2010, the international container transportation industry reactivated and the growth rates of traditional shipping routes including Asia-Europe route, Trans-Pacific Line and Trans-Atlantic Line all exceeded 8% YoY. In 2010, the container throughput in China reached 146 million TEUs, a 19.4% YoY rise, compared to the performance in 2007 and 2008, up 27.7% and 13.9% respectively. Specifically, coastal ports achieved container throughput of 131 million TEUs, up 19.3% YoY, meanwhile, inland ports achieved container throughput of 14.68 million TEUs, with a YoY rise of 20.3%.
Coastal ports in China can be divided into 5 port clusters, including pan-Bohai Rim, Yangtze River Delta, Southeast coast, Pearl River Delta and Southwest coast.
Port Cluster in Yangtze River Delta - Relying on the Shanghai International Shipping Center and focusing on Shanghai port, Ningbo-Zhoushan port and Lianyungang port, the ports in this region primarily serve the economic and social development of Yangtze River Delta and areas along the Yangtze River. In 2010, container throughput of Shanghai port registered at 29.07 million TEUs and ranked top 1 worldwide. As for Ningbo-Zhoushan port, it has built up 723 berths of all kinds, with the container throughput over 13.15 million TEUs in 2010.
Port Cluster in Pearl River Delta - Mainly consisting of Guangzhou port, Shenzhen port, Zhuhai port and Shantou port, the ports in this region serve South China and part of Southwestern areas. Shenzhen port, which is basically a container port, accomplished a container throughput of 22.51 million TEUs in 2010 and ranked 2nd nationwide and 4th worldwide. Guangzhou port achieved container throughput of 12.55 million TEUs in 2010, ranking 4th nationwide.
Port Cluster in Pan-Bohai Rim - Including Liaoning, Tianjin-Hebei, and Shandong coastal port groups, the ports in pan-Bohai Rim mainly cover Dalian port, Yingkou port, Qinhuangdao port, Tianjin port, Yantai port, Qingdao port and Rizhao port. Qingdao port is mainly engaged in the loading and unloading of import & export goods including containers, crude oil, iron ore and coal. In 2010, cargo throughput and container throughput of Qingdao port both ranked 5th in China. Tianjin port owns 140 berths of all sorts, among which 78 are production berths. In 2010, container throughput of Tianjin port reached 10.09 million TEUs. Dalian port, the most important port in Northeast China, realized the container throughput of 5.183 million TEUs in 2010.