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Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 2006/10/14 - A group of researchers from several European countries now reports the synthesis of a magnetically tunable nanocable array, combining separate hard and soft magnetic materials in a single nanocable structure. This be an alternative to today’s MOSFET.
As the semiconductor industry continues to miniaturize in following Moore’s Law, there are some real challenges ahead, particularly in moving deeper and deeper into the nano length scale. In particular, sustaining the traditional logic MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) structure, design, and materials composition will be especially difficult, particularly beyond the 22 nm node. Nanocables, consisting of a range of materials, offer potential solutions to these problems and may even be an alternative to today’s MOSFET. A group of researchers from several European countries now reports the synthesis of a magnetically tunable nanocable array, combining separate hard and soft magnetic materials in a single nanocable structure. The combination of two or more magnetic materials in such a radial structure is seen as a very powerful tool for the future fabrication of magnetoresistive, spin-valve and ultrafast spin-injection devices with nonplanar geometries.
Many current integrated microelectronic circuits consist of arrays of devices constructed from semiconductor heterostructures in two dimensions. Further miniaturization of electronic circuits, to facilitate Moore’s Law, may necessitate the construction of appropriate devices in single dimensions. Consequently, the development of one dimensional (1D) coaxial nanocables, which consist of a continuous crystalline nanowire encapsulated in a sheath of a different crystalline material, has been the focus of extensive research, as these structures are expected to play an important role in the next generation of electrical heterostructured devices. In particular, the combination of two or more magnetic materials in a radial structure is seen as a potential building block for future magnetoresistive, spin valve and ultrafast spin injection devices with non-planar geometries.
Dr. Justin Holmes, who leads the Supercritical Chemistry Unit at University College Cork's Department of Chemistry, explains the team's findings to Nanowerk: "We developed a supercritical fluid inclusion technique for constructing highly ordered and oriented arrays of coaxial magnetic nanocables, consisting of both magnetically hard (cobalt) and a magnetically soft (magnetite) materials. Significantly we demonstrate that the magnetic properties of these structures are determined by the material occupying the largest volume fraction, i.e. the core of the nanocable. Hence, it is possible to control and optimize the magnetic properties of these structures."
Read the full article on the Nanowerk website.
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By Michael Berger, Copyright 2006 Nanowerk, LLC