Aided by gravity, the water fills the aquifer from the bottom upwards. The lower part of the aquifer has spaces that are completely filled by water. These are termed as the 'saturated zone' of the aquifer.
In the top part of the aquifer, the rock spaces contain air as well as water. This part of the aquifer is called 'unsaturated'. ‘Water table' is the margin that can be marked where the aquifer changes from the unsaturated zone to the saturated one.
Analysis from Frost & Sullivan (technicalinsights.frost.com), An Assessment of Technologies for Monitoring and Treating Ground Water Contamination, finds that finds that groundwater treatment technologies such as biological, physical, chemical and thermal are key technologies driving the portability of groundwater to minimize the water demand.
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"Population explosion and extreme industrialization has led to increased demand for water," notes Technical Insights Research Analyst Kumar Narasimhan. "Top water companies have declared that the water industry, due to greater demand and scarcity, would become the next billion dollar industry."
Many new participants have forayed into the water market with both treatment as well as monitoring technologies. Software companies have entered the water market for monitoring quality as well as water leaks and thefts. Although the overall water content within the planet remains a constant, the potable form of it in its utmost purity has become scarce.
Ground water does not remain stagnant, but flows very slowly. Hence, it is necessary to have regulations regarding waste disposal and monitoring to follow and maintain standard and uniform practices. However, this is not the case as local bodies of cities maintain varying standards. Regulations pertaining to landfill disposal, agricultural practices, and unregulated disposal of wastes need to have a uniform law across the globe. This will make it easier for the authorities to maintain the procedures to properly monitor and remediate the groundwater if contaminated.
Extensive use of sensors to monitor the water quality, along with the presence of a skilled team to perform this task, could greatly enhance the utilization of recycled water, at least for indirect potable uses.
In addition, local governing bodies could implement stringent standards for wastewater collection, treatment, and disposal and thereby, they can monitor the inflow and outflow of raw as well as treated wastewater.
"Reclaimed water can indirectly be used for recharging aquifers and the groundwater table or improving the volume of water in the reservoir," says Narasimhan. "The local bodies could allocate the reclaimed water to cater to specific needs depending upon the quality of the water."
An Assessment of Technologies for Monitoring and Treating Ground Water Contamination, a part of the Technical Insights subscription, analyzes the factors pushing groundwater monitoring and its treatment and the challenges hindering the growth of this segment. Further, this research service includes detailed technology analysis and industry trends evaluated following extensive interviews with market participants.
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An Assessment of Technologies for Monitoring and Treating Ground Water Contamination / D1D8