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Honolulu, HI, United States, 2006/03/29 - French and US researchers designed a nanomechanical DNA switch controlled by the rate of temperature variation, thus providing a flexible, scalable alternative to simultaneous chemical control of different DNA switches at equilibrium..
Beyond its central role in biology, DNA has long been recognized as a versatile molecule that can self-assemble into nanoscale objects or form well-controlled supramolecular scaffolds. More recently, DNA was also shown to provide switchable nanomechanical devices whose equilibrium states can be controlled by changing, for example, the medium ionic strength or by using additional "fuel" and "waste" DNA molecules.
A group of French and U.S. researchers came up with a simple alternative design of a generic DNA switch controlled by the rate of temperature variation, under fixed chemical conditions.
"We have designed and experimentally studied an alternative concept, based on folding kinetics control, to drive and maintain a DNA nanomechanical device out-of-equilibrium under fixed chemical conditions" Hervé Isambert from the Institut Curie in Paris told Nanowerk.
Their DNA nanomechanical switch can be driven back and forth between "out of equilibrium" and "equilibrium" states under fixed chemical conditions, by submitting them to fast and slow cooling rates, respectively.
"As a proof-of-concept, we designed a uni-molecular DNA switch that folds, following heat denaturation, into its lowest energy conformation under moderate cooling rate while an alternative, fast folding conformation is kinetically formed upon rapid cooling," Isambert says.
Isambert sees various applications for their DNA switch: "For instance, our switch could provide rejuvenatable "DNA-fuel" for DNA-driven nanodevices. Thus, regularly rejuvenated "DNA fuel" under folding kinetics control should enable a continuous driving of DNA-fueled nanodevices without the need for a chemical turnover of "fuel" and "waste" DNA strands in solution."
The group reported its findings in a recent paper titled "DNA Nanomechanical Switches under Folding Kinetics Control", published online on Dec. 1, 2006 in Nano Letters. Isambert's co-authors were Virgile Viasnoff from Institut Curie and Amit Meller from the Single Molecule Biophysics group at The Rowland Institute at Harvard.
By Michael Berger, Copyright 2006 Nanowerk LLC